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Hereditary Cancers

Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP)

This is an inherited condition characterized by multiple polyps in the colon, these can cause cancer. Appropriate surveillance is required by trained experts, may patients require surgery to prevent cancer from forming. The type of surgery required will vary according to the degree of polyps and risk of cancer.

Lynch syndrome

Lynch syndrome is another common inherited familial syndrome.

Lynch Syndrome also known as hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) predisposes individuals to contracting colorectal cancer. It is characterized by the formation of cancers usually with a strong family history. Cancer can form at an early age and the type of surgery is influenced by the location of the cancer and the presence or risk of having another cancer.

Myhpolyphosis

MYHP: is another hereditary condition which predisposes people to develop multiple adenomatous colon polyps during their lifetime and have an increased risk of colorectal cancer. However patients may not have an obvious family history. It is also likely that people with myhpolyphosis will develop polyps and colorectal cancer at a relatively young age, in their 20s to 50s. Appropriate treatment is dependent upon identifying predisposing conditions.

Advanced Cancers

When the cancer has moved beyond the bowel sometimes more complex surgery is required. This involves a team approach and may involve removing more than one organ.